2008 Summer Olympics

2008 Summer Olympics

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2008 Summer Olympics
Olympiad XXVIV
Host City Beijing, China
# Nations 204
Events 302
Sports 28
Males
Females
Total Athletes 11,028 [1]
Stadium Beijing National Stadium

The 2008 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, are an international multi-sport event, that were held in Beijing, People's Republic of China from August 8 to August 24, 2008, and followed by the 2008 Summer Paralympics from September 6 to September 17. 10,500 athletes competed in 302 events in 28 sports, just one event more than was on the schedule of the Athens games of 2004. The Olympic games were awarded to Beijing after an exhaustive ballot of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on July 13, 2001.

Most running events were held in the Beijing National Stadium but the marathon and triathlon were held on the streets of Beijing.

Contents

Specific Events

Each event is discussed in a section of the following articles:

Track
Field
Other

Participating nations

There are 204 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participating in the games.

North Korea and South Korea held meetings to discuss the possibility of sending a united team to the 2008 Olympics,[2][3] but the proposal failed, due to disagreements between the two NOCs on the proportion of athletes from the two countries within the team.

On July 24, 2008, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) banned Iraq from competing in the 2008 Olympic Summer Games due to "political interference by the government in sports."[4][5] On July 29, the IOC reversed its decision and will allow the nation to compete after a pledge by Iraq to ensure "the independence of its national Olympics panel" by instituting fair elections before the end of November. Until then, Iraq's Olympic Organisation will be run by "an interim committee proposed by its national sports federations and approved by the IOC."[6]

Georgia announced on August 9, 2008 that it is considering withdrawing from the Beijing Olympic Games due to current military conflict with Russia in South Ossetia. Certain participating Georgian athletes have made known they want to leave the Olympics in order to fight with the Georgian army.[7]

Qualifying

The IAAF sets minimun performance standards which athletes must meet to be eligible to compete in the Olympics. If up to three athletes who meet the "A" standard, are eligible to represent a country. If no athlete from that country meets the "A" standard, then the country may send one athlete who meets the "B" standard. Each country may send one male and one female, if no athlete meets either the A or B standard in any track event.[8] The following tables show the standards used for 2008:

Men's Qualifying Standards
Event A B
100 Metres 10.21 10.28
200 Metres 20.59 20.75
400 Metres 45.55 45.95
800 Metres 1:46.00 1:47.00
1500 Metres 3:36.60 3:39.00
5000 Metres 13:21.50 13:28.00
10,000 Metres 27:50.00 28:10.00
Marathon 2:15:00 2:18:00
3000 Metres Steeplechase 8:24.60 8:32.00
110 Metres Hurdles 13.55 13.72
400 Metres Hurdles 49.20 49.50
20 Kilometres Race Walk 1:23:00 1:24:30
50 Kilometres Race Walk 4:00:00 4:07:00
Decathlon 8000pts 7700pts
High Jump 2.30 2.27
Pole Vault 5.70 5.55
Long Jump 8.20 8.05
Triple Jump 17.10 16.80
Shot Put 20.30 19.80
Discus Throw 64.50 62.50
Hammer Throw 78.50 74.00
Javelin Throw 81.80 77.80
4x100 Metres Relay Best 16 National Teams
4x400 Metres Relay Best 16 National Teams
Women's Qualifying Standards
Event A B
100 Metres 11.32 11.42
200 Metres 23.00 23.20
400 Metres 51.55 52.35
800 Metres 2:00.00 2:01.30
1500 Metres 4:07.00 4:08.00
5000 Metres 15:09.00 15:24.00
10,000 Metres 31:45.00 32:20.00
Marathon 2:37:00 2:42.00
3000 Metres Steeplechase 9:46.00 9:55.00
100 Metres Hurdles 12.96 13.11
400 Metres Hurdles 55.60 56.50
20 Kilometres Race Walk 1:33:30 1:38:00
Heptathlon 6000pts 5800pts
High Jump 1.95 1.91
Pole Vault 4.45 4.30
Long Jump 6.72 6.60
Triple Jump 14.20 14.00
Shot Put 18.35 17.20
Discus Throw 61.00 59.00
Hammer Throw 69.50 67.00
Javelin Throw 60.50 56.00
4x100 Metres Relay Best 16 National Teams
4x400 Metres Relay Best 16 National Teams

Opening ceremony

Track & field athlete Lopez Lomong (Tully, N.Y.) has been selected as flag bearer for the 2008 U.S. Olympic Team by fellow members of Team USA. Lomong, 23, was notified of his selection Wednesday night via phone in Dalian, China, where he is training with the U.S. Olympic Track & Field Team.

"This is the most exciting day ever in my life," Lomong said. "It's a great honor for me that my teammates chose to vote for me. The Opening Ceremony is the best day and the best moment of Olympic life. I'm here as an ambassador of my country and I will do everything I can to represent my country well."

To select the flag bearer, U.S. captains from each sport met in the Athlete Village Wednesday night, in person and via conference call for those not yet in Beijing. Any captain was able to bring forward a nominee from any sport. After the nominations and a discussion period, the athletes voted, selecting Lomong.

Lomong will compete in the 1,500 meters in Beijing in what is his first international appearance.[9]

The opening ceremony proved controversial, as the memorable image of Lin Miaoke, age 9, performing "Ode to the Motherland" in a red dress and white shoes with fireworks blazing overhead, proved to be a hoax. Another girl, Yang Peiyi, 7, was judged the best singer but not as cute, so Miaoke lip-synched the song while Peiyi's voice played over the sound system.[10]

Highlights

  • Tirunesh Dibaba wins the women's 10000 m in 29:54.66, the best time in almost 15 years and an African and Olympic record. Silver medallist Elvan Abeylegesse and bronze medallist Shalane Flanagan also ran European and North American records, respectively.
  • Jamaica's Usain Bolt wins gold medal in the men's 100m with a world record of 9.69 seconds in a race dubbed by Michael Johnson as "the greatest 100m performance in the history of the event". Asafa Powell finished 5th while Tyson Gay was eliminated in the semifinal.
  • The United States sweeps the medals in the men's 400 m hurdles, with Angelo Taylor winning gold, Kerron Clement silver and Bershawn Jackson bronze. This is the US team's first clean sweep of the event since the 1960 Rome Olympics.
  • Usain Bolt wins the men's 200 m in a new world record time of 19.30 seconds, beating the old mark set by Michael Johnson at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics. With this victory, Bolt also becomes the first sprinter since Carl Lewis in 1984 to win both the 100 m and 200 m events in a single Olympiad, the first sprinter since Don Quarrie in 1976 to hold the world records for both events simultaneously, and the first since the introduction of electronic timing.
  • The women's 3000M hurdles debuted.
  • Total of 1,257,000 attended the track and field events, with 1,127,000 tickets sold. (The balance made up by the free tickets set aside for VIP, Media, TV, and athletes.) PM sessions had 647,000 tickets, and AM sessions had 480,000 tickets.[11]

Medal summary

Medal table

Retrieved from Beijing Olympics 2008 Official Website.[12] This total reflects just track and field events, and excludes triathlon or other sports.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States United States 7 9 7 23
2 Russia Russia 6 5 7 18
3 Jamaica Jamaica 6 3 2 11
4 Kenya Kenya 4 5 4 13
5 Ethiopia Ethiopia 4 1 1 6
6 Belarus Belarus 1 3 3 7
7 Cuba Cuba 1 2 2 5
8 Great Britain Great Britain 1 2 1 4
Australia Australia 1 2 1 4
10 Ukraine Ukraine 1 1 3 5
11 Poland Poland 1 1 0 2
Belgium Belgium 1 1 0 2
Norway Norway 1 1 0 2
14 Italy Italy 1 0 1 2
New Zealand New Zealand 1 0 1 2
16 Bahrain Bahrain 1 0 0 1
Cameroon Cameroon 1 0 0 1
Czech Republic Czech Republic 1 0 0 1
Estonia Estonia 1 0 0 1
Panama Panama 1 0 0 1
Portugal Portugal 1 0 0 1
Romania Romania 1 0 0 1
Slovenia Slovenia 1 0 0 1
Brazil Brazil 1 0 0 1
25 Turkey Turkey 0 2 0 2
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 0 2 0 2
27 Bahamas Bahamas 0 1 1 2
28 Ecuador Ecuador 0 1 0 1
France France 0 1 0 1
South Africa South Africa 0 1 0 1
Sudan Sudan 0 1 0 1
Latvia Latvia 0 1 0 1
34 China China 0 0 2 2
Nigeria Nigeria 0 0 2 2
36 Canada Canada 0 0 1 1
Germany Germany 0 0 1 1
Greece Greece 0 0 1 1
Lithuania Lithuania 0 0 1 1
Morocco Morocco 0 0 1 1
Japan Japan 0 0 1 1
Finland Finland 0 0 1 1
Total 46 47 45 138

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
100 metres
details
Jamaica Usain Bolt (JAM) 9.69
(WR)
Trinidad and Tobago Richard Thompson (TRI) 9.89 United States Walter Dix (USA) 9.91
200 metres
details
Jamaica Usain Bolt (JAM) 19.30
(WR)
United States Shawn Crawford (USA) 19.96 United States Walter Dix (USA) 19.98
400 metres
details
United States LaShawn Merritt (USA) 43.75
United States Jeremy Wariner (USA) 44.74 United States David Neville (USA) 44.80
800 metres
details
Kenya Wilfred Bungei (KEN) 1:44.65 Sudan Ismail Ahmed Ismail (SUD) 1:44.70 Kenya Alfred Kirwa Yego (KEN) 1:44.82
1500 metres
details
Bahrain Rashid Ramzi (BRN) 3:32.94 Kenya Asbel Kipruto Kiprop (KEN) 3:33.11 New Zealand Nicholas Willis (NZL) 3:34.16
5000 metres
details
Ethiopia Kenenisa Bekele (ETH) 12:57.82
(OR)
Kenya Eliud Kipchoge (KEN) 13:02.80 Kenya Edwin Cheruiyot Soi (KEN) 13:06.22
10000 metres
details
Ethiopia Kenenisa Bekele (ETH) 27:01.17
(OR)
Ethiopia Sileshi Sihine (ETH) 27:02.77 Kenya Micah Kogo (KEN) 27:04.11
110 metre hurdles
details
Cuba Dayron Robles (CUB) 12.93 United States David Payne (USA) 13.17
(SB)
United States David Oliver (USA) 13.18
400 metre hurdles
details
United States Angelo Taylor (USA) 47.25 United States Kerron Clement (USA) 47.98 United States Bershawn Jackson (USA) 48.06
3000 metre steeplechase
details
Kenya Brimin Kiprop Kipruto (KEN) 8:10.34 France Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad (FRA) 8:10.49 Kenya Richard Kipkemboi Mateelong (KEN) 8:11.01
4×100 metre relay
details
Jamaica Jamaica
Nesta Carter
Michael Frater
Usain Bolt
Asafa Powell
Dwight Thomas*
37.10
(WR)
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
Keston Bledman
Marc Burns
Emmanuel Callender
Richard Thompson
Aaron Armstrong*
38.06 Japan Japan
Naoki Tsukahara
Shingo Suetsugu
Shinji Takahira
Nobuharu Asahara
38.15
4×400 metre relay
details
United States United States
LaShawn Merritt
Angelo Taylor
David Neville
Jeremy Wariner
Kerron Clement*
Reggie Witherspoon*
2:55.39
(OR)
Bahamas Bahamas
Andretti Bain
Michael Mathieu
Andrae Williams
Christopher Brown
Avard Moncur*
Ramon Miller*
2:58.03 Russia Russia
Maksim Dyldin
Vladislav Frolov
Anton Kokorin
Denis Alexeev
2:58.06
Marathon
details
Kenya Samuel Kamau Wanjiru (KEN) 2:06:32 Morocco Jaouad Gharib (MAR) 2:07:16 Ethiopia Tsegay Kebede (ETH) 2:10:00
20 km walk
details
Russia Valeriy Borchin (RUS) 1:19.01 Ecuador Jefferson Pérez (ECU) 1:19.15 Australia Jared Tallent (AUS) 1:19.42
50 km walk
details
Italy Alex Schwazer (ITA) 3:37.09
(OR)
Australia Jared Tallent (AUS) 3:39.27 Russia Denis Nizhegorodov (RUS) 3:40.14
High jump
details
Russia Andrey Silnov (RUS) 2.36 m Great Britain Germaine Mason (GBR) 2.34 m Russia Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) 2.34 m
Pole vault
details
Australia Steven Hooker (AUS) 5.96 m
(OR)
Russia Evgeny Lukyanenko (RUS) 5.85 m Ukraine Denys Yurchenko (UKR) 5.70 m
Long jump
details
Panama Irving Saladino (PAN) 8.34 m South Africa Khotso Mokoena (RSA) 8.24 m Cuba Ibrahim Camejo (CUB) 8.20 m
Triple jump
details
Portugal Nelson Évora (POR) 17.67 m Great Britain Phillips Idowu (GBR) 17.62 m Bahamas Leevan Sands (BAH) 17.59 m
Shot put
details
Poland Tomasz Majewski (POL) 21.51 m United States Christian Cantwell (USA) 21.09 m Belarus Andrei Mikhnevich (BLR) 21.05 m
Discus throw
details
Estonia Gerd Kanter (EST) 68.82 m Poland Piotr Malachowski (POL) 67.82 m Lithuania Virgilijus Alekna (LTU) 67.79 m
Hammer throw
details
Slovenia Primož Kozmus (SLO) 82.02 m Belarus Vadim Devyatovskiy (BLR) 81.61 m contested[13] Belarus Ivan Tsikhan (BLR) 81.51 m contested[13]
Javelin throw
details
Norway Andreas Thorkildsen (NOR) 90.57 m
(OR)
Latvia Ainars Kovals (LAT) 86.64 m Finland Tero Pitkamaki (FIN) 86.16 m
Decathlon
details
United States Bryan Clay (USA) 8791 Belarus Andrei Krauchanka (BLR) 8551 Cuba Leonel Suarez (CUB) 8527

* Athletes who participated in the heats only and received medals.

Women

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 metres
details
Jamaica Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM) 10.78 Jamaica Sherone Simpson (JAM)
Jamaica Kerron Stewart (JAM)
10.98  
200 metres
details
Jamaica Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM) 21.74 United States Allyson Felix (USA) 21.93 Jamaica Kerron Stewart (JAM) 22.00
400 metres
details
Great Britain Christine Ohuruogu (GBR) 49.62 Jamaica Shericka Williams (JAM) 49.69 United States Sanya Richards (USA) 49.93
800 metres
details
Kenya Pamela Jelimo (KEN) 1:54.87 Kenya Janeth Jepkosgei Busienei (KEN) 1:56.07 Morocco Hasna Benhassi (MAR) 1:56.73
1500 metres
details
Kenya Nancy Jebet Langat (KEN) 4:00.23 Ukraine Iryna Lishchynska (UKR) 4:01.63 Ukraine Nataliya Tobias (UKR) 4:01.78
5000 metres
details
Ethiopia Tirunesh Dibaba (ETH) 15:41.40 Turkey Elvan Abeylegesse (TUR) 15:42.74 Ethiopia Meseret Defar (ETH) 15:44.12
10000 metres
details
Ethiopia Tirunesh Dibaba (ETH) 29:54.66
(OR)
Turkey Elvan Abeylegesse (TUR) 29:56.34 United States Shalane Flanagan (USA) 30:22.22
100 metre hurdles
details
United States Dawn Harper (USA) 12.54 Australia Sally McLellan (AUS) 12.64 Canada Priscilla Lopes-Schliep (CAN) 12.64
400 metre hurdles
details
Jamaica Melaine Walker (JAM) 52.64
(OR)
United States Sheena Tosta (USA) 53.70 Great Britain Tasha Danvers (GBR) 53.84
3000 metre steeplechase
details
Russia Gulnara Galkina-Samitova (RUS) 8:58.81
(WR)
Kenya Eunice Jepkorir (KEN) 9:07.41 Russia Yekaterina Volkova (RUS) 9:07.64
4×100 metre relay
details
Russia Russia
Evgeniya Polyakova
Aleksandra Fedoriva
Yulia Gushchina
Yuliya Chermoshanskaya
42.31 Belgium Belgium
Olivia Borlee
Hanna Marien
Elodie Ouedraogo
Kim Gevaert
42.54 Nigeria Nigeria
Franca Idoko
Gloria Kemasuode
Halimat Ismaila
Oludamola Osayomi
Agnes Osazuwa*
43.04
4×400 metre relay
details
United States United States
Mary Wineberg
Allyson Felix
Monique Henderson
Sanya Richards
Natasha Hastings*
3:18.54 Russia Russia
Yulia Gushchina
Lyudmila Litvinova
Tatyana Firova
Anastasia Kapachinskaya
Elena Migunova*
Tatyana Veshkurova*
3:18.82 Jamaica Jamaica
Shericka Williams
Shereefa Lloyd
Rosemarie Whyte
Novelene Williams
Bobby-Gaye Wilkins*
3:20.40
Marathon
details
Romania Constantina Diṭă-Tomescu (ROU) 2:26:44 Kenya Catherine Ndereba (KEN) 2:27:06 China Zhou Chunxiu (CHN) 2:27:07
20 km walk
details
Russia Olga Kaniskina (RUS) 1:26:31
(OR)
Norway Kjersti Tysse Plätzer (NOR) 1:27:07 Italy Elisa Rigaudo (ITA) 1:27:12
High jump
details
Belgium Tia Hellebaut (BEL) 2.05 m Croatia Blanka Vlasic (CRO) 2.05 m Russia Anna Chicherova (RUS) 2.03 m
Pole vault
details
Russia Yelena Isinbayeva (RUS) 5.05 m
(WR)
United States Jennifer Stuczynski (USA) 4.80 m Russia Svetlana Feofanova (RUS) 4.75 m
Long jump
details
Brazil Maurren Maggi (BRA) 7.04 m Russia Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) 7.03 m Nigeria Blessing Okagbare (NGR) 6.91 m
Triple jump
details
Cameroon Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR) 15.39 m
(OR)
Russia Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) 15.32 m Greece Hrysopiyi Devetzi (GRE) 15.23 m
Shot put
details
New Zealand Valerie Vili (NZL) 20.56 m Belarus Natallia Mikhnevich (BLR) 20.28 m Belarus Nadzeya Astapchuk (BLR) 19.86 m
Discus throw
details
United States Stephanie Brown Trafton (USA) 64.74 m Cuba Yarelis Barrios (CUB) 63.64 m Ukraine Olena Antonova (UKR) 62.59 m
Hammer throw
details
Belarus Aksana Miankova (BLR) 76.31 m
(OR)
Cuba Yipsi Moreno (CUB) 75.20 m China Zhang Wenxiu (CHN) 74.32 m
Javelin throw
details
Czech Republic Barbora Špotáková (CZE) 71.42 m Russia Mariya Abakumova (RUS) 70.78 m Germany Christina Obergföll (GER) 66.13 m
Heptathlon
details
Ukraine Natalya Dobrynska (UKR) 6733 United States Hyleas Fountain (USA) 6619 Russia Tatyana Chernova (RUS) 6591

* Athletes who participated in the heats only and received medals.

Lyudmila Blonska of Ukraine originally won the silver medal in the women's heptathlon, but was disqualified after she tested positive for methyltestosterone. [14]

Records broken

During these 2008 Summer Olympic Games, 14 new Olympic records and 5 new world records were set in the athletics events.

Men's Olympic and world records

Event Date Round Name Nationality Result OR WR
Men's 100 metres 16 August Final Usain Bolt Jamaica Jamaica 9.69 s OR WR
Men's 200 metres 20 August Final Usain Bolt Jamaica Jamaica 19.30 s OR WR
Men's 5000 metres 23 August Final Kenenisa Bekele Ethiopia Ethiopia 12:57.82 OR
Men's 10000 metres 17 August Final Kenenisa Bekele Ethiopia Ethiopia 27:01.17 OR
Men's 4x100 metre relay 22 August Final Nesta Carter
Michael Frater
Usain Bolt
Asafa Powell
Jamaica Jamaica 37.10 s OR WR
Men's 4x400 metre relay 23 August Final LaShawn Merritt
Angelo Taylor
David Neville
Jeremy Wariner
United States United States 2:55.39 OR
Men's 50 kilometre walk 22 August Final Alex Schwazer Italy Italy 3:37:09 OR
Men's pole vault 22 August Final Steven Hooker Australia Australia 5.96 m OR
Men's javelin throw 23 August Final Andreas Thorkildsen Norway Norway 90.57 m OR

The world records were ratified on October 3, 2008[15]

Women's Olympic and world records

Event Date Round Name Nationality Result OR WR
Women's 400 metre hurdles 20 August Final Melaine Walker Jamaica Jamaica 52.64 s OR
Women's 10,000 metres 20 August Final Tirunesh Dibaba Ethiopia Ethiopia 29:54.66 s OR
Women's 3,000 metre steeplechase 17 August Final Gulnara Galkina-Samitova Russia Russia 8:58.81 OR* WR
Women's 20km walk 20 August Final Olga Kaniskina Russia Russia 1:26:31 s OR
Women's triple jump 17 August Final Francoise Mbango Etone Cameroon Cameroon 15.39 m OR
Women's pole vault 18 August Final Yelena Isinbayeva Russia Russia 5.05 m OR WR
Women's hammer throw 20 August Final Aksana Miankova Belarus Belarus 76.34 m OR

* Inaugural Event

Controversies

Age of Chineese Gymnasts

A controversy that erupted Friday, August 22, over the age and thus eligibility of He Kexin,Yang Yilin and Jiang Yuyuan at the 2008 Games as to whether thy meet the minimum age of 16. Documents which were posted on Chineese General Administration of Sport website, but since removed, indicates that they are only 14 years old, listing He's birthday as January 1, 1994. Yet, they presented passports showing an age of 16. Young gymnasts have a flexibility over older, more developed athletes.

"We believe the matter will be put to rest and there is no question ... on the eligibility," International Olympic Committee spokeswoman Giselle Davies said Friday at a news conference.

"So far," the IOC's sports director, Christophe Dubi, said, "everything that has been received demonstrates we have no problem of eligibility for these competitors."

The results of the investigation have not yet been released.[16][17][18]

Safety

Despite extensive security measures, spectators face safety concerns. On August 9, 2008, a Chinese man stabbed two relatives of a United States Olympic coach, as well as their Chinese guide, killing one of them. On Friday, August 8, 2008, a reporter for New Zealand television who is covering the games was attacked and slightly injured by a Chinese man wielding a broken chair.[19]

Taekwondo athlete kicks referee

On August 23, 2008, Cuba Taekwondo fighter Angel Matos kicked refereeChakir Chelbat. Matos was leading in the bronze medal match 3-2 with 1 minute 2 seconds left in the second round when he fell to the mat after being hit by his opponent. Matos was awaiting medical attention when he was disqualified by Chelbat for taking too much time. Matos questioned the call and then pushed and kicked Chebat in the face. The international federation is considering banning him for life.[20]

Disrepect at medal ceremony

Ara Abrahamian is a Swedish athlete who stepped down from the podium and laid his medal on the floor during the awards ceremony for the men’s Greco-Roman wrestling 84kg event. He had received one of two bronze medals awarded.

In response, Abrahamian's conduct was brought to the IOC Disiplinary Commission, which consisted of three persons: Dr Thomas Bach (Chairman), Denis Oswald and Sergey Bubka. All three are Olympians with extensive experience of elite sport etiquette.

On August 16, the Executive Board of the International Olympic Committee, meeting in Beijing and based upon the recommendations of the IOC Disciplinary Commission, decided that Mr Abrahamian, Sweden: 1. Is disqualified from the event of men’s Greco-Roman wrestling, 84kg. 2. Is excluded from the Games of the XXIX Olympiad in Beijing in 2008. 3. Shall have his Olympic identity and accreditation card immediately cancelled and withdrawn.[21]

Supressed demonstrations

Prior to the Games, China promised to allow demonstrations. None of the 77 demonstration permits were granted, and several of the applicants were detained. Foreign demonstrators were detained for up to 10 days and then deported. This includes demonstrators from the United States, Germany and Great Britain[22] Six months after the Games, Chinese citizens who had applied for demonstration permits are still under detention, house arrest or in prision.[23]

Contingency plans for marathon

A Beijing Olympics official said on August 1, that there will be an emergency plan for the marathon if the last event is affected by adverse weather.

"We have put into consideration the possibility that the marathon event may encounter poor weather and have worked out an emergency plan accordingly," Liu Wenbin, deputy director of the Sports Department of the Beijing Organizing Committee for the 29th Olympic Games (BOCOG), said at a press conference.

He did not elaborate the emergency plan, but said, "One thing is certain, all the sports events shall be finished before the Game's closing ceremony."

Marathon is the last competition at the Beijing Olympic Games to be started on the morning of Aug. 24, according to the schedule.

The possibility that the sports event schedule has to be changed for pollution reason is very small and Beijing's air quality will not affect athletes' health, Liu cited two officials of the International Olympic Committee as saying.[24]

Doping enforcement

On August 15, 2008, the International Olympic Committee announced North Korean shooter Kim Jong Su had tested positive for the banned substance of propranolol and thus stripped of his two medals from the 2008 Summer Olympics, making Kim the first medal winning athlete to test positive for a banned substance at the 2008 Olympic Games.[25] He originally came 3rd in the 10 metre air pistol and 2nd in the 50 metre pistol. In the 10 metre air pistol, the bronze medal went to Jason Turner of the United States. In the 50 metre pistol, the silver medal went to Tan Zongliang of China, and the bronze medal went to Vladimir Isakov of Russia.[26]

The IAAF has announced that the silver and bronze medalist from Belarus in the hammer throw had positive drug tests.[13]

Subsequent testing has shown that an additional six athletes tested positive for blood-boosting hormone CERA, including 1,500-meter champion Rashid Ramzi, Greek race walker Athanasia Tsoumeleka and Croatian 800-meter runner Vanja Perisic.[27] The testing took advantage of improved technology to seek evidence of the prohibited use of CERA, a new strain of EPO, and insulin.[28] On April 19, 2009, the IAAF confirmed that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) discovered that three track and field athletes returned positive tests to the Mircera following re-analysis of samples taken by the IOC in Beijing. The IAAF said that the relevant National Olympic Committees have been notified.[29]

External links

References

  1. International Olympic Committee (2008-08-01). "NOC entry forms received". Press release. Retrieved on 2008-08-08. “(...) confirmed the qualification of 11,028 athletes, including 363 supplement athletes holding a P card.”
  2. "Koreas 'to unify Olympics teams'", BBC, 2006-05-14. Retrieved on 2006-12-17.
  3. "Two Koreas Make Progress in Creation of Unified Team", International Olympic Committee, 2006-09-05. Retrieved on 2006-09-10.
  4. "Iraq banned from Summer Olympics", CNN, 2008-07-24. Retrieved on 2008-07-24.
  5. "Iraq banned from Beijing Olympics", BBC Sport, 2008-07-24. Retrieved on 2008-07-24.
  6. IOC lifts Iraq's Olympic suspension
  7. http://www.news24.com/News24/Sport/Olympics2008/0,,2-9-2370_2372929,00.html
  8. http://www.iaaf.org/OLY08/standards/index.html Retrieved 2008-07-25.
  9. http://www.usatf.org/news/view.aspx?DUID=USATF_2008_08_06_08_33_29 Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  10. http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/08/12/asia/beijing.php International Herald Tribune article
  11. http://www.iaaf.org/OLY08/news/kind=101/newsid=47482.html Retrieved 2008-09-06.
  12. Athletics Medal Standings. Retrieved on 2008-08-17.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 IAAF chief: 2 hammer throw medalists test positive, iht.com, International Herald Tribute, ret: Sep 06, 2008
  14. IOC sanctions Liudmyla Blonska for failing Anti-Doping test IOC press release 22nd August 2008
  15. http://www.iaaf.org/news/kind=101/newsid=47917.html Retrieved 2008-10-22
  16. http://www.nbcolympics.com/blogs/blog=alanabrahamsonsblog/postid=246524.html#sweet+really Retrieved 2008-08-23.
  17. Chao, Loretta. "Gymnastics Question for the Ages ... of the Ages", The Wall Street Journal, Dow Jones, 2008-08-23, p. A12. Retrieved on 2008-08-23.
  18. http://sports.yahoo.com/olympics/beijing/gymnastics/news;_ylt=AnwweDpaeQuOo5tlh2xCshTQ1Zl4?slug=ap-gym-underagechinese&prov=ap&type=lgns Retrieved 2008-08-24
  19. Drew, Jill. "In Beijing, Parents of Ex-PLayer Are Stabbed; One Dies", The Washington Post, 2008-08-10, p. A1. Retrieved on 2008-08-10.
  20. "Cuban Taekwondo Athlete Puts Worse Foot Forward", The Washington Post, 2008-08-24, p. D11. Retrieved on 2008-08-24.
  21. http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=2737 Retrieved 2008-08-16.
  22. http://sports.yahoo.com/olympics/news;_ylt=AnFI1pB8GnmwXTBxaRVLM_g1o5N4?slug=ap-china-protests&prov=ap&type=lgns Retrieved 2008-08-24.
  23. Cha, Ariana. "In China, Would-be Protestors Pay a Price", Washington Post, March 11, 2009, p. A1. Retrieved on 2009-03-11.
  24. http://en.beijing2008.cn/news/official/preparation/n214496256.shtml Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  25. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/olympics/7562384.stm
  26. Seventh IOC/BOCOG press conference
  27. "All 6 athletes identified in Beijing doping cases", NBC Sports, April 29, 2009. Retrieved on 2009-05-04.
  28. "IOC confirm six athletes test positive", cnn.com, April 29, 2009.
  29. http://www.iaaf.org/antidoping/news/newsid=50372.html Retrieved 2009-07-07.